It has been an extremely tough period for airlines all over the world.
The COVID-19 pandemic has curtailed air travel as countries erect travel bans and implement border closures.
Singapore Airlines Limited (SGX: C6L), or SIA, is no exception.
The nation’s airline had to ground 96% of its fleet up till end-June as air travel demand dried up.
As SIA’s financials came under pressure, it conducted a massive rights issue to shore up its balance sheet.
The reasons behind the rights issues are becoming clearer as SIA released its fourth quarter and full fiscal 2020 earnings last week.
It was a grim report that showed the adverse impact that the pandemic is having on the airline.
Here are five highlights from the earnings report.
Full impact only in the current quarter
For the fourth quarter, SIA’s revenue fell 21.9% year on year to S$3.2 billion.
However, investors should note that the full impact of COVID-19 was not captured during the quarter, as border closures only began in earnest during March.
As such, the airline reported two months of normal operations before it got hit badly in March with plunging air travel demand.
Investors should brace themselves for an even worse financial showing for the current quarter as it will reflect the full brunt of plunging passenger numbers.
Fuel hedging losses
SIA recorded a fuel hedging loss of S$709.8 million during the quarter due to fuel hedging contracts that it entered into at higher oil prices.
Simply put, the airline locked in fuel at significantly higher prices as the oil price had crashed to a 21-year low in April.
As SIA normally locks in fuel prices way in advance, there could be other fuel hedging contracts expiring in the current and future quarters that may give rise to more marked-to-market losses.
These losses may add to the financial pain that the airline is already experiencing from the plunge in passenger numbers.
High debt levels
SIA’s balance sheet as of 31 March 2020 showed a cash balance of S$2.7 billion, with around S$423 million in short-term investments. These total up to around S$3.1 billion of liquidity.
However, the group also had S$2.7 billion of short-term debt and S$7.2 billion of long-term debt sitting on its balance sheet.
These total up to around S$9.9 billion in gross debt, and is more than three times the amount of liquid cash and investments.
SIA’s leverage ratio has deteriorated significantly from 2.8 times at the end-fiscal year 2019 to 5.3 times at the end-fiscal year 2020, mainly due to a sharp decline in EBITDA (earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortisation).
Finance charges for the group totalled S$221 million for the full fiscal year 2020.
The rights issue will raise gross proceeds of around S$8.8 billion and will help the airline to stay afloat despite its high debt level.
Lack of free cash flow
SIA generated positive operating cash flow of S$2.7 billion and S$2.8 billion for the fiscal years 2020 and 2019, respectively.
However, the airline is committed to high levels of capital expenditure (capex) to renew its fleet and maintain its aircraft.
This high level of capex resulted in negative free cash flow for the group.
Capex amounted to S$5.1 billion and S$5.6 billion for the fiscal years 2020 and 2019, respectively.
Moving forward, the airline has deferred non-aircraft projects and is in negotiation with aircraft manufacturers to adjust the delivery stream for aircraft orders placed in the past.
These measures should help to conserve cash in the near-term, even as the group remains committed to fleet renewal over the medium-term.
No final dividend declared
As a result of the tough challenges the airline is facing, no final dividend was declared for the fiscal year 2020.
The group had earlier paid out an interim dividend of S$0.08 when it released its half-year results.
As a comparison, the fiscal year 2019 saw a total dividend payment of S$0.30, comprising an interim dividend of S$0.08 and a final dividend of S$0.22.
Moving forward, it’s highly likely that dividends will remain suspended until the airline is able to get itself back on a strong financial footing.
More stormy weather ahead
SIA is gearing itself up for more financial stress, as April’s passenger numbers show that a plunge of 99% for the flagship brand, SilkAir and low-cost carrier Scoot.
Investors should track the monthly operating statistics to get a hint of how the airline is coping with the pandemic.
At this point, the pandemic has yet to ease and the group probably has to contend with a few more months of low passenger volume.
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Disclaimer: Royston Yang does not own shares in any of the companies mentioned.